is the structure of the TOEFL test?
(Paper based test, IBT test (internet based test),
types of questions, number of questions, and the
time duration for each type of question)
Listening: The listening test is of 60-90
minutes duration and is made up of 34-51 questions.
There are 3 types of questions are organized in 3
1. Short Conversations
2. Long conversations and Class discussions
3. Short talks and lectures
TOEFL Reading: The Reading test is of 60
minutes duration and is made up of 36-70 questions
3-6 Reading Passages of varying lengths with 6-10
questions after each passage. The total number of
questions varies from 44-55 questions.
TOEFL Writing: The Writing test is of 50
minutes duration and is made up of 2 tasks. Three
types of topics are generally asked in the tests:
TOEFL Speaking: The Speaking test is of 20
minutes duration and is made up of 6 tasks. There
are basically three types of speaking tests.
Should you take the TOEFL Test?
You should take the TOEFL Tests if you are:
• A student seeking admission in universities in
regions where English is the native language.
• Planning to take up any special learning program
that includes English or the medium of instruction
• In the list of Scholarships and certifications
• Applying for visa for academic or professional
Every institution, university and organizations set
different scores as a standard for proficiency in
English. So depending on the university you are
applying to or the institution you plan to join,
your TOEFL Test scores must be in accordance to
that. A good score can easily get you a place in any
of the top ranking universities in the world. Your
score in the TOEFL Test helps the universities to be
assured on your ability to communicate better among
the global population that is overtaking
universities in USA and Europe.
Of Taking The TOEFL Test Academic Advantage:
Being awarded a high score in TOEFL Tests proves
your competency in English and this gives you an
edge over the others in the university. A high score
also enhances your chances to gain admission into
the top league universities if you are trying to get
Today some business organizations have made it
mandatory to show a high TOEFL Test score in order
to gain employment.
Your Personal Advantage:
By taking the TOEFL Test and scoring high, you are a
level above the rest as you are equipped with the
knowledge of your proficiency in the English
Why Is The TOEFL Test Score Demanded
For Admission By Top Class Universities?
• The TOEFL Test is conducted in a very systematic
manner and the method of testing is very unique and
• The exam helps in preparing the students for the
real life global environment that is found in
universities around the world.
• The students taking up highly professional courses
find the test very beneficial as it helps them to
understand and comprehend the books and journals and
also the classroom lectures in a more effective
• When equipped with the TOEFL Test scores, the
universities do not have to bother about students
not being familiar with the most common language
spoken in the university as this would prompt extra
classes in English for those students especially the
• When students are equipped with a TOEFL Test
score, the universities are aware of the level of
the proficiency of the student in the English
Five tips to be successful in the
TOEFL test. 1. Self-Assessment:
First of all try out real time practice tests that
are available in the internet. Once this is done you
are now able to understand where you stand and in
which of the four modules you need to practice more.
2. Action Plan:
Give yourself a lot of time to practice and for this
you need to ensure that you have allotted time for
it from your daily routine. Browse the internet for
practice tests and EBooks as there are many you can
Identifying Weaknesses and Strengths:
The Online TOEFL practice test also provides you an
insight into your weaknesses and strengths, so you
can strategize your learning and preparation
schedule accordingly. These Free TOEFL practice
tests also allow you to explore all the
possibilities to improve the score by analyzing each
and every question.
4. Take Help and Guidance:
Take the help of an expert English language teacher
to help you with the test preparation.
5. Improve your speed in Typing and Writing:
If you are taking the TOEFL IBT Test, then it is
very important to have a fairly good typing speed
and as part of the preparation process developing
the typing speed is essential.
The Merits Of Taking Online TOEFL
1. The free online practice tests are provided free
of cost so there is no expense involved in it.
2. You are free to take the online tests whenever
you find the time to do so and when you feel like
3. You get to practice on the online practice TOEFL
Test papers which are a simulation of the real time
TOEFL Test papers.
4. Clocking yourself becomes convenient as some of
the websites have an inbuilt clock that tells you
5. A good factor is that all the answers are
provided at the end of the test so your can correct
your mistakes and this also helps to not repeat
those mistakes again as you know what your mistakes
6. Since there are innumerable test papers
available, you will get plenty of practice which is
good for you as the more you practice the more
likely you are to get your targeted score.
7. A very important factor is that you get to be
familiar with the procedures, instructions and
formats of the test making it simpler and time
saving during the actual test as now you know what
7) How often should you do TOEFL prep
tests before the actual TOEFL test?
The TOEFL Tests are so formulated, that the more you
practice the higher you are likely to score. Besides
scoring high you also get the chance to understand
the language better, be more accustomed you are with
the format of the test, have a better understand of
the language such as vocabulary, grammar and
sentence construction, and above all the procedure
of the test and the method followed. All these
benefits are actually enhanced by taking the online
TOEFL Prep Tests before the actual TOEFL Test
How to Manage the Time When
Attempting Incomplete Sentences In The TOEFL Test?
The reading test in the TOEFL Test is framed in time
and the test takers find it quite a challenge to
meet the demands of time when taking the test. What
makes the test even more challenging is that when
attempting the test you might be hassled due to the
inability to find the right option as the four
options look probable. Being non-native speakers of
English, the test taker finds the test highly
challenging as the level of competency in English
might be low and hence the ability to comprehend is
less. Therefore, to be able to overcome some of
these challenges is a difficult job.
Proper time management is crucial to any test and
the same can be said for the TOEFL Test general and
the Incomplete Sentence Section in particular. Time
allocation is important for each section and this
should be done during the practice period. Moreover,
you need to adhere to the allocation during the real
9) How to Manage the Time When Taking
Error Recognition Questions in the TOEFL Test?
One of the most challenging sections in the TOEFL
reading test is the Error Recognition Test. The
reading test in the TOEFL Test is formulated in such
a way that it becomes a challenge for test takers to
manage and meet the demands of time when taking the
test. The test is made even more challenging when
you look at the options which can confuse you. But
the test is basically easier than the Incomplete
Sentences one as you don’t need to write anything
but just tick the right option. There is no need to
correct the sentence which makes it easier to manage
Proper time management is an important aspect of any
test as all the tests are framed in time. You need
to allocate time correctly for each section of the
test in general and for each question in each
section in particular. And most importantly, this is
why taking a vast number of practice tests becomes
essential. One of the benefits of practicing is to
get adequate understanding of managing time which is
bound to reflect on how you manage your time during
the real TOEFL Test. You need to take note of the
number of questions and the time to be allotted to
each question during the practice and adhere to that
time when taking the test.
10) Benefits with online TOEFL practice
One of the simplest and easiest methods is to
practice on the Online Error Recognition Mock Tests
which are available on the internet as it is more
effective than any other method.
* Firstly the answer is available to you immediately
so you can correct your self as soon as you take the
Error Recognition Mock Tests.
* Secondly you can assess your skills in English and
improve on it with better understanding of your
level, especially in the Error Recognition Mock
* Thirdly time management can be enhanced with
better understanding of where you are losing time
and where you can save up on it.
* Another benefit is that you become aware of the
kind of questions that the Error Recognition in the
TOEFL Test is made up of and what errors you need to
look out for.
* Finally the practice tests also tell you how
effective guess work is and the art of guess becomes
more familiar by taking as many Online Error
Recognition Mock Tests
11) How to Prepare For Reading
Comprehensions in the TOEFL Test?
1.Firstly expose yourself to the method and
procedure of reading the questions and the options
and then the text before answering the questions to
help you have a better understanding of the Reading
Comprehensions test in the TOEFL Exam.
2. Take a
note of how to go about reading the text for the
Reading Comprehensions in the TOEFL Test as
mentioned in the previous pages. Every question must
be read with care and attentions as some of them
could be really tricky.
you are doing a practice test ensure that you have a
dictionary at hand so that you don’t waste time
looking up a word. As soon as you come across a word
that is unfamiliar to you or you do not know the
meaning of, remember to look up the dictionary and
note down the meaning.
you come across a new word, get help from some of
the English tutors who can help you understand the
grammatical and structural connotations of the word.
This also must be noted down immediately and keep
going through the words often so that they don’t
slip out of your mind.
there is a difference in format in the Paper based
test and the internet based test, you need to
practice on the format you plan to take up. This is
likely to make you more familiar and comfortable
during the real test.
Avoid Reading Instructions:
You can save up on valuable time when you avoid
reading the instructions since you are already
familiar with the instructions and the format due to
your practice sessions.
Try to Grasp the Main Topic and the Keyword in the
talk and the question.
Focus on the talk to identify the context in which
it is spoken so that you get an idea of “what”,
‘where’ and ‘who’ of the conversation.
What is the Tense In The Question
One of the proven tips is to identify the tense as
this will help you in the process of elimination to
arrive at the right option. The tense in the
conversation should be identical to the tense in the
Draw a relation between the vocabulary used in the
question and those in the options.
This is a really effective method to find the right
answer. Try and draw relations not only between the
language used in the questions and the vocabulary in
the options but also between the speakers in the
conversation, the context and the location.
Plan your time ahead of the test
Ensure that you have drawn out an effective time
management plan ahead of the test so that you can
adhere to the plan and manage your time effectively.
13) Tips to
write the Essay in the TOEFL Test
When writing the TOEFL essay, make sure that the
question is well understood and you are able to
visualize certain aspects of the topic in your mind.
Once you can picture the topic you can be assured
that you have understood the topic. For example
consider the sample question below. As soon as you
have read it you should be able to visualize
children eating fast food, some ailments being
experienced and the role of parents and elders in
whole topic. This way you can form opinions, ideas
and points to write the essay.
Essay Question: Today children around the world like
convenient snacks and fast food. Why is the food
habits of the new generation changing and what are
the consequences of such a change?
Give reasons to explain your answer with examples.
I. Analyze the question:
* What type of a question is it?
* What are the important keywords that explain the
II. Generate ideas from the identified keywords
* Reasons for children opting for fast food
* Role of parents
III. Give a structure to your ideas
1.Introduction: here you can mention if the
* is true/ false
* you agree/disagree
* you opinion
2. Paragraph 1- Reason why children prefer to
consume fast food and snacks
3. Paragraph 2- Reason with examples role of parents
in restricting the consumption and other
governmental authorities in restriction the growth
in the number of fast food outlets
4. Paragraph 3- The consequences faced by children,
parents and others in any
5. Conclusion – your opinion on the topic.
14) Methods to Remember the Vocabulary in
the TOEFL Test
* The Reading Test is one area where the vocabulary
plays and important role and no one can
pre-determine what kind of vocabulary will be
tested. So the only way to ensure that you have
enhanced your volume of vocabulary while preparing
for the test is to mark or underline any new words
that you have come across during your practice.
Identify the topic in which the word was included
and then maintain a word list to enter the word
along with the topic. This way in case this topic
comes up for your writing test you will be able to
connect the topic with the word and remember to use
* A very successful method is to connect the word to
any word to some activity that you enjoy or have
enjoyed in the past. For example let us consider the
word “anticipate or anticipation”. You can connect
it to commonly used words like “anticipatory bail”
and everyone knows the meaning of this phrase.
* Once you have understood a new word find out its
synonyms as this is likely to help you in your
selecting the right choice in multiple choice
questions. For example again let us consider
“anticipate or anticipation”. The synonyms for these
words would be: - “expect or expectation”, “predict
or prediction”. So this way when you prepare you
word lists add the synonyms on the side. This will
not only enhance your volume of vocabulary but also
provide you with adequate knowledge to take the
15) How to
improve your TOEFL scores?
1. Read as many Reading passage of TOEFL Test that
you can lay your hand on. In most cases these
reading passages are academic in context and are in
academic English. So by reading these passages you
get a good idea of how academic English is spoken
and the use of vocabulary in academic settings are
used. The more you read the more knowledge of
academic English, academic vocabulary and the idioms
and phrases commonly used in the academic settings
can be gained.
2. Try and
listen to as much English as you can especially the
American English if you are planning to take up
admission into any of the universities in American
or Canada for higher studies. This way you are
exposed to English and for academic English you can
listen to speeches, and presentations of papers.
This will give you an idea on how to improve on your
3. Taking a
look into the academic writing of others like the
scholarly papers available on the interest is also
an extremely effective way to help you improve on
your academic English.
16) Tips to
Prepare for the Test Day And The Day Before
Preparation is the keyword here as the more you
prepare the more chances of being able to crack the
exam successfully. There are a large number of
online practice papers available on the internet
which is really helpful in guiding you on how to go
about the test. These test papers give you a fairly
good idea on what the test entails and how to
2. Though you need to prepare very well in advance
which is about a couple or more months before the
date of the exam that you plan to write, these
preparations are generally academic in nature. But
the preparation for the test should be on the
previous day or the day just before the test.
3. Stop learning and relax by watching a movie,
preferably an English movie, or meeting up with
family or friends to have a short chat again
preferably in English. In short “Chill Out”!
4. Give your mind and body maximum rest as you need
to be fresh and energetic the next day for your mind
to be activated during the exam. Ensure that you
have eaten food high in nutrition and make sure that
the food you eat helps you to relax and be calm and
5. Maintain a checklist to ensure you don’t forget
any of your documents or stationery. Make sure the
supporting documents that you take are valid. Tick
them out as you place them in your bag and most
importantly make sure that all your pens and pencils
are in working condition.
6. Jot down your registration number, the address of
the center correctly so that no time is wasted on
searching out the location.
17) Tips to
Stay Calm During the TOEFL Test?
Preparation: The outcome of the test will depend on
how well you have had practice and preparation and
for how long. You need to register in as many
websites as possible and start practicing on the
free online TOEFL Test papers that are available in
plenty. One of the rules of practice is that you
should avoid cramming completely as this is not
going to help you in the real test. Practice makes a
person perfect is the adage and follow the adage
correctly. When practicing on the free online test
papers, remember to clock yourself accurately and
also remember to track you scores and ensure that
you have always improved on them gradually but
2. TOEFL IBT- the TOEFL IBT needs to be answered on
the computer so you need to be a very quick and
accurate typist so that no errors are caused even if
you may have answered the question correctly. So
hone up your typing skills as you practice. ‘
3. Respect the rules: You need to respect the rules
to help you remain calm and composed as then there
can be no reason for stress during the time of the
exam. Do not argue or talk loud when within the
premises of the examination center. Things that
should not be taken insides is not best not taken
and what needs to be taken remember to take them.
4. Organized Presentation: You must be well
organized in keeping your documents in the right
order and maintain a neat file for this. Do not
carry with you documents that are not required. Do
not fumble or drop anything as this can show you in
5. Keeping Calm: Drinking water in plenty helps to
keep calm so carry a lot of water to the center.
Another important factor to keep calm is not to
discuss probable questions or about the test with
other examinees as this can completely confuse you.